Turquoise Education

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Welcome to the Turquoise Guide

Turquoise is one of the most beautiful semi-precious stones in all the world.  Indeed, it has been said that no other opaque stone is more beautiful and popular!  The archeological record reveals that turquoise has long been cherished, with the earliest documented use going back to 6000 B.C. Egypt.

Mother nature was quite democratic in her allocation of this precious stone.  Although turquoise deposits are quite rare, quality turquoise is found in isolated locations on virtually every continent.  In North American, reserves of the highest quality of turquoise can be found in several southwest states, especially  Arizona, Nevada, and New Mexico.  In South America, Chile is home to some deposits of respectable quality.  The Eurasia continent is where turquoise was first mined and given its current name, a misnomer based on the false belief that this gem came from Turkey. Turquoise is also being mined in Egypt (in minute quantities) and in Australia.

Our Mission: Turquoise Education

This educational site provides information about turquoise and its use in jewelry.  In many ways, this site is a tribute to turquoise and the many traditions surrounding its uses in cultures ranging from Native American tribes to the people of Tibet.

The site owners work in the jewelry business, but this site is noncommercial.  We sell nothing from it.  The site was started to provide our own customers with information about turquoise. We felt that this was necessary because the turquoise on the market today comes in many forms and variations.  Furthermore, there are many fake turquoise products out there to which an unwitting customer could fall victim.  We are trying to prevent that from happening!

New Articles

We have just added an article on Israeli Eilat Stone, a close cousin to turquoise.  We have also added an article on "African Turquoise" to our Imposters section.  This is a beautiful stone, but is not a real form of turquoise.

A Note To Turquoise Merchants

If you deal in turquoise, we encourage you to let your customers know about this site by linking to us or perhaps by using your company's newsletter to let customers know about us.  By calling your customers' attention to this site, you will be giving them valuable information and bolstering your own credibility.

Contribute An Article!

If you are a gemologist, lapidary specialist, turquoise dealer, or jewelry maker with experience or special expertise on turquoise, consider contributing an article to this site. You will be fully credited and given a link to your own website.  We would like to make this site's further development a community affair.

Navigation

If you need to know more about a specific topic, click on that topic in the column to the right.  If you want to know more about turquoise in general, simply move down through the entire list of topics to the right.  In 30 minutes or less you will be a turquoise expert.


Credits

The photo of the beautiful turquoise necklace shown above is courtesy of Southwest Gems, a leading specialist in turquoise jewelry.

The incredibly beautiful carved eagle pendant photo is courtesy of Silverhawk's Creations.

The exquisite heart-shaped prayer box photo is compliments of Beads of Bali

The stunning Buckle comes from Sacred Bear.

TURQUOISE BASICS

Origins of  "Turquoise"
Gemstone Properties

How Turquoise Forms
Color Range
Turquoise Matrix
Natural Turquoise
Treated Turquoise
Turquoise Birthstone

WHERE TURQUOISE
IS FOUND

Australia
China
Egypt
Iran
Mexico
United States
Other Locations

VARIATIONS

Eilat Stone
Faustite Turquoise
White Buffalo Turquoise

FORMS

Beads
Cabochons

Chips and Nuggets

Inlays

IMITATIONS

African Turquoise

Block Turquoise

Faience Ceramic
Howlite Turquoise

Natural Imposters

Polymer Clay
Utah Turquoise
Vienna Turquoise

TURQUOISE
JEWELRY CARE

Care, Cleaning and Storage

 


Mosaics
Sculptures
Functional Art
 

 

Aztec

Celtic

Chinese
Egyptian

Jewish

Mayan
Navajo
Persian/Arabian
Tibetan
 


Books About Turquoise

 

Suggest An Article Topic!

 


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