several mines in Israel came a beautiful stone that is similar to
turquoise in many ways. It is called Eilat Stone, named after
the locality in which it is found, and is Israel's national stone.
It comes in shades of green and blue. The stones are usually
cut as cabochons or tumble polished and incorporated in free form
style into jewelry. Freeform shapes are often utilized to
create jewelry that is simultaneously elegant and casual.
Eilat stone is chrysocolla that is intermixed with
turquoise and a form of malachite. The mine from which this
stone comes has been depleted, forcing the many tourist shops
selling Eilat Stone to import it from Africa (Morocco and the Congo)
and the United Sates (Arizona).
The city of Eilat is Israel's southernmost city, as
is noted on the map below.
The mines from which it came are believed to have been the copper
mines of King Salomon. The stone, in fact, is often referred
to as "King Solomon Stone."
When investigating this stone, several spellings must
be tried, as it is also spelled "Eliat," "Ellat," and "Elat."
Eilat stone has been used as a turquoise substitute
over the years, and is sometimes referred to as impure turquoise, an
description that does not do justice to its beautiful appearance.
beautiful Eilat stone brooch is courtesy of
Jewelry. It is set in 24k gold with fresh water pearls.